HERZ, HENRIETTE

HERZ, HENRIETTE
HERZ, HENRIETTE (1764–1847), Berlin salonnière. The beautiful and highly educated daughter of Benjamin de Lemos, a Portuguese Jewish physician, she married the physician and philosopher marcus herz , 17 years her senior, in 1779. In the 1780s their home became a center of Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment learning, attracting young Prussian nobility and reform-minded Jews interested in Marcus Herz's lectures and demonstrations in chemistry and physics and in discussing the new Romantic literature with his beautiful wife. Henriette Herz and her friend Dorothea (Brendel) Mendelssohn Veit Schlegel , the daughter of moses mendelssohn , formed a Tugendbund (Society of Virtue) with wilhelm and alexander von humboldt , Karl Laroche, and others to promote friendship and learning. Wilhelm von Humboldt's later efforts on behalf of Jewish emancipation stem in part from his youthful infatuation with Herz. Some of their correspondence is composed in Hebrew script. In the 1790s Herz developed a lifelong friendship with the philosopher and Protestant theologian friedrich schleiermacher . Reading groups among intellectual circles developed into the famous Berlin salons hosted almost exclusively by women such as Herz, rahel levin varnhagen von Ense, and Sara Levi. Among those who frequented Herz's salon were Friedrich Schlegel, Karl Gustav von Brinkmann, Friedrich Genz, Madame de Genlis, and Jean Paul Richter. Herz's beauty was captured in portraits painted by Anna Dorothea Therbusch (1778) and Anton Graff (1792), and in a bust sculpted by Gottfried Shadow (1783). She knew many languages, including ancient Greek, Latin, Italian, Spanish, and English and in 1799 and 1800 she translated two English travel books into German. Following Marcus Herz's death in 1803, her salon activity tapered off and ended by 1806 with Napoleon's occupation of Berlin. Herz lost her pension and was forced to seek work as a governess; in 1817 she became a Protestant and traveled to Rome (1818–19). Herz spent her later years in reduced circumstances teaching languages and needlework to young women and offering hospitality to Schleiermacher's students. In the 1820s she began a memoir focusing on her youth; wishing to control her posthumous reputation, she burned some of her correspondence. At the end of her life, Herz she gave J. Fuerst access to her remaining papers and spoke with him about her life. Following her death, he published her reminiscences (J. Fuerst, Henriette Herz. Ihr Leben und ihre Erinnerungen (1858). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Davies, Identity or History? Marcus Herz and the End of the Enlightenment (1995); M.E. Goozé, "Posing for Posterity: The Representations and Portrayals of Henriette Herz as 'Beautiful Jewess,'" in: M. Henn and H.A. Pausch (eds.), Body Dialectics in the Age of Goethe. (2003), 67–95; D. Hertz, Jewish High Society in Old Regime Berlin (1988); P. Seibert. Der literarische Salon: Literatur und Geselligkeit zwischen Aufklaerung und Vormaerz (1993). (Marjanne E. Goozé (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Herz, Henriette — (1764 1847)    German society leader, wife of Marcus Herz. She held a salon in her home in Berlin which attracted many of the leading figures in society; both Moses Mendelssohn and Solomon Maimon were frequent guests. She belonged to the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Henriette Herz — Henriette Herz, porträtiert von Anna Dorothea Therbusch, 1778 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henriette Crayen — Henriette Crayen. Gemälde von Anton Graff um 1783 Henriette von Crayen (* 1. November 1755 in Berlin; † 26. Februar 1832 ebendort) war eine Leipziger und Berliner Salonière um 1800 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herz [3] — Herz, Henriette, geb. 5. Sept. 1764 zu Berlin, Tochter des jüd. Arztes de Lemos, seit 1779 vermählt mit dem Arzt Markus H. in Berlin (gest. 1803), geistvolle Frau, deren Haus der Sammelplatz geistiger Größen des damaligen Berlins war, wurde 1817… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Herz [2] — Herz, Henriette, geb. 1764 zu Berlin, Tochter d. jüd. Arztes de Lemos, Gemahlin des Arztes Markus H., bekannt als Freundin Ramlers, Engels, F. Schlegels, der Humboldte, Schleiermachers, st. 1847 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Henriette Herz — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henriette Hertz — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hertz (homonymie).  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Henriette Herz. Henriette Hertz, née le 6 janvier 1846 à Cologne et morte le 9 avril 1913 à Rome, était une Allemande, mécène et collectionneuse d art.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henriette Brey — (Pseudonym: Enrica van Bree, * 15. November 1875 als Maria Henriette Brey in Capellen bei Geldern; † 27. Mai 1953 in Ramersdorf bei Bonn) war eine deutsche Schriftstellerin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henriette Herz — (September 5, 1764 October 22, 1847) was a close friend of Dorothea Mendelssohn, daughter of the famous Jewish thinker Moses Mendelssohn. Born Henriette De Lemos, she was the daughter of a physician, descended from a Portuguese Jewish family of… …   Wikipedia

  • Henriette Sontag — Henriette Sontag, Radierung von Franz Xaver Stöber, 1827 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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